Future & Technology: 6 Ongoing Projects About to Change The World

Future & Technology: 6 Ongoing Projects About to Change The World

TECHNOLOGY

Science has the ability to do many things beyond imagination. We’re lucky to be living in a time where technology can make our lives easier and rethink the ways we go about our Everyday lives. These current and future technologies undoubtedly have the potential to change the world and lives of people.

SpaceX:


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Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, Known as SpaceX was founded with the goal of reducing space transportation costs to enable the colonization of Mars. The organization is working on next generation fully reusable launch vehicles that will be the most powerful ever built, capable of carrying humans to Mars and other planets in our solar system. SpaceX is the first privately owned company to launch an object into orbit around the Sun and send astronauts to orbit and to the International Space Station. It has flown 20 cargo resupply missions to the International Space Station (ISS) under a partnership with NASA, as well as an uncrewed demonstration flight of the human-rated Dragon 2 spacecraft (Crew Demo-1) on March, 2019 and the first crewed Dragon 2 flight on May 2020.

SpaceX believes a fully and rapidly reusable rocket is the pivotal breakthrough needed to substantially reduce the cost of space transportation. While most rockets are designed to burn up on re-entry, SpaceX rockets can not only withstand re-entry but can also successfully land back on Earth surface and fly again. SpaceX’s family of Falcon launch vehicles are the first and only orbital class rockets capable of refly.
Developing the technology to be able to land a spacecraft was one of the main reasons Elon Musk originally founded SpaceX. Knowing that the consensus on Mars was that it would be prohibitively expensive to send humans there with the technology of the time, Elon Musk set out to improve that technology.
One of the key improvements needed was the ability to reuse large parts of the spacecraft which would otherwise disintegrate in orbit. The first step to making this possible was landing an orbital first stage rocket. SpaceX achieved this feat in 2015 with its historic first unmanned upright landing on land.
After proving that it could reuse its rockets, SpaceX demonstrated that it was also able to reuse its Dragon capsule. On June 3, 2017, the company launched a Falcon 9 rocket with a previously used Dragon capsule on board. After SpaceX completed an in-flight abort test of its Crew Dragon capsule, all systems were ready for SpaceX’s first-ever astronaut launch. The historic flight took place without a hitch, launching on May 30, 2020, and docking at the ISS a day later on May 31.
on August 2020, SpaceX set two impressive milestones with one launch. Its 11th Starlink satellite launch was also the 100th launch in the company’s history.
They are already looking at ideal locations for landing on the Red Planet. Mars is one of Earth’s closest habitable neighbors. Mars is about half again as far from the Sun as Earth is, so it still has decent sunlight. It is a little cold, but we can warm it up. Its atmosphere is primarily CO2 with some nitrogen and argon and a few other trace elements, which means that we can grow plants on Mars just by compressing the atmosphere. Gravity on Mars is about 38% of that of Earth, so you would be able to lift heavy things and bound around.

Neuralink:

Neuralink Corporation, an American Neurotechnology Company founded by future maker Elon Musk has been developing implantable brain–machine interfaces (BMIs). A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI), sometimes called Brain-machine interface (BMI), is a direct communication pathway between an enhanced or wired brain and an external device. Research on BCIs began in the 1970s at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) under a grant from the National Science Foundation, followed by a contract from DARPA. They are designing the first neural implant that will let you control a computer or mobile device anywhere you go. Micron-scale threads are inserted into areas of the brain that control movement. Each thread contains many electrodes and connects them to an implant, the Link. Musk has more ambitious goals, hoping to read and write thoughts and memories, enable telepathic communication and ultimately merge human and artificial intelligence (AI).
He said “Brain-machine interfaces use electrodes to translate neuronal information into commands capable of controlling external systems such as a computer or robotic arm. I understand the work involved in building one. In 2005, I helped develop Neurochips, which recorded brain signals, known as action potentials, from single cells for days at a time and could even send electrical pulses back into the skull of an animal. We were using them to create artificial connections between brain areas and produce lasting changes in brain networks.”

In July 2019, Neuralink held a live-streamed presentation at the California Academy of Sciences. The proposed project involves a module placed outside the head that wirelessly receives information from thin flexible electrode threads embedded in the brain. The system could include “as many as 3,072 electrodes per array distributed across 96 threads” each 4 to 6 μm in width. As Musk described it, “it’s like a Fitbit in your skull with tiny wires.” The threads would be embedded by a robotic apparatus, with the intention to avoid damaging blood vessels. Currently, electrodes are still too big to record the firing of individual neurons, so they can record only the firing of a group of neurons. Neuralink representatives believe this issue might get mitigated algorithmically, but it’s computationally expensive and does not produce exact results.

By August 2020, the Neuralink 1024-electrode read & write link device—v 0.9—had been approved as a FDA breakthrough device which allows it to be used in limited human testing under the FDA guidelines for testing medical devices.

28000 Years Battery:

Green Energy Company NDB has reached a key milestone with the completion of two proof of concept tests of its nano diamond battery (NDB) and these tests saw NDB’s battery tech manage a 40% charge, which is a big improvement over the 15% charge collection efficiency of standard commercial diamond. Their goal is to ultimately commercialize a version of their battery that can self-charge for up to a maximum lifespan of 28,000 years, created from artificial diamond-encased carbon-14 nuclear waste.
The battery doesn’t generate any carbon emissions while in operation, and only requires access to open air to work. And while they’re technically batteries, because they contain a charge which will eventually be expended, they provide their own charge for much longer than the lifetime of any specific device or individual user, making them effectively a charge-free solution. The battery is said to power space equipment in rockets. It can power the electrical needs of space crafts, like providing power to cockpits and assisting launch into the upper atmosphere.
It is also said to be extremely safe and tamper proof as it is coated with non-radioactive diamond which prevents radiation leaks.

The battery works by generating electricity on its own from a shower of electrons as result of radioactive decay scattered and deposited in the artificial diamond-case.
NDB estimates 34 million cubic metres of global nuclear waste will cost over $100 billion to manage and dispose. And a lot of this waste is graphite that is one of the higher risk radioactive waste and one of the most expensive and problematic waste to store.
The battery is known as Diamond Nuclear Voltaic (DNV), where a combination of a semiconductor, metal and ceramic has two contact surfaces to facilitate charge collection. Several single units are attached together to create a stack arrangement, which is fabricated to create a positive and negative contact surface similar to a common battery system. Every layer of the DNV stack consists of a high-energy output source.

100000 Years Clock:

Imagine A Clock which will tell time for 10 thousands years. The Same Clock that lets you know the current time will be remained functional as usual and would tell time to your 100th Generation ! Now it’s going to be a reality ! A computer scientist and entrepreneur Danny Hillis first imagined the 10,000-year clock in 1986. Amazon King & World’s Richest Person Jeff Bezos and a millionaire scientist friend are building the clock on Bezos’s property in Texas. In 1996, Hillis started Long Now Foundation as an initiative of his 10000 Years Clock Project. In 2005 , Hillis & Bezos got serious and started planning the $42 million project to build The Clock of the Long Now in the Sierra Diablo Mountain Range.

Engineers and contractors are building the massive, multi-room clock inside the mountain in West Texas. The huge mechanical clock ticks once per year and chimes once per millennium. According to Bezos, the clock will be 500 feet tall, “all mechanical, powered by day/night thermal cycles,” and “synchronised at solar noon.”

Energy storing bricks:

Scientists have found a way to store energy in the red bricks that are used to build houses. Researchers led by Washington University in St Louis, in Missouri, US, have developed a method that can turn the cheap and widely available building material into “smart bricks” that can store energy like a battery.

Although the research is still in the proof-of-concept stage, the scientists claim that walls made of these bricks “could store a substantial amount of energy” and can “be recharged hundreds of thousands of times within an hour”.
The researchers developed a method to convert red bricks into a type of energy storage device called a supercapacitor.

This involved putting a conducting coating, known as Pedot, onto brick samples, which then seeped through the fired bricks’ porous structure, converting them into “energy storing electrodes”.

Iron oxide, which is the red pigment in the bricks, helped with the process, the researchers said.

Self Driving Vehicle:

When it comes to self-driving cars, the future was supposed to be now. In 2030, you’ll be a permanent backseat driver ! After the announcements from Automotive Industry Giants General Motors, Google’s Waymo, Toyota, Honda and Tesla that they’d be making self-driving cars the engineering teams at those companies have been struggling to make self-driving cars work properly and ensure you that You can buy a car that will automatically brake for you when it anticipates a collision.

Waymo’s cars, which are fairly typical of other self-driving cars, use high-resolution cameras and lidar (light detection and ranging), a way of estimating distances to objects by bouncing light and sound off things.

Self-driving cars rely on artificial intelligence to work. And the 2010s were a great decade for AI. We saw big advances in translation, speech generation, computer vision and object recognition, and game-playing. AI used to have a hard time identifying dogs in pictures; now that’s a trivial task.

Autonomous vehicles, as digital technology, have certain characteristics that distinguish them from other types of technologies and vehicles. Due to these characteristics, autonomous vehicles are able to be more transformative and agile to possible changes. The characteristics will be explained based on the following subjects: hybrid navigation, homogenization and decoupling, vehicle communication systems, reprogrammable and smart, digital traces and modularity.

After the idea of driverless cars you might see a lot more driverless trucks – after all, logistics make the world go round. They’ll be cheaper to run than regular rigs, driving more smoothly and so using less fuel. Computers never get tired or need comfort breaks, so they’ll run longer routes. And they could drive in convoys, nose-to-tail, to minimise wind resistance.

Companies like Mercedes and Peloton are already exploring these possibilities, and if the promised gains materialise, freight companies could upgrade entire fleets overnight. On the downside, it could put drivers instantly out of work, and even staff at the truck stops set up to service them, but many companies have said the trucks will still need a human passenger to ensure their cargo is safe.

 

 


Written By Nilutpal Neog (Chief Editor, Idearmy & Deputy Editor, Idearmy News).

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